Vikings Inhalt Trailer zum Start der der Serie Vikings?
Im Januar wurde das Ende der Serie nach der sechsten Staffel bekanntgegeben. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1 Handlung. Zusammenfassung zu Vikings: Was bisher geschah. Kompakter Überblick ✓ Alle Staffeln ✓ Inhaltsangabe pro Staffel ✓ Jetzt auf Reviews. Episodenführer Season 1 – Der Wikinger Ragnar Lothbrok lebt mit seiner Frau Lagertha und seinen Kindern Bjorn und Gyda im Stamm des Earl Haraldson. Vikings - Inhalt. 0. Foto: Ragnar Lothbrok (Travis Fimmel) ist ein Wikingerkrieger und Farmer, der davon träumt, fremde Meere zu besegeln und im Westen zu. „Vikings“: Staffel 5 Zusammenfassung, Rückblick auf „Ragnarok“ – was bisher geschah. Author: Kristina Kielblock Kristina Kielblock |
Die irisch-kanadische TV-Serie Vikings erzählt die Abenteuer von Ragnar Lothbrok (Travis Fimmel), einem der größten Helden seiner Ära, der zum König der W. Wir machen euch mit unserer Zusammenfassung fit für die kommende, 6. Staffel, die traurigerweise die letzte sein wird. Das ist zuletzt bei Vikings in Staffel Trailer zum Start der der Serie Vikings? Alle Episoden Vikings Staffel 1 findest Du hier: Liste der Vikings-Episoden der ersten Staffel.
Die Raubzüge sind erfolgreich und Ragnar erlangt Ruhm in Kattegat. Jarl Haraldson gefällt das nicht, weswegen er Ragnar zu einem Duell auffordert.
Haraldson verliert das Duell und Ragnar wird der neue Jarl von Kattegat. Während eines weiteren Raubzuges nehmen die Wikinger den Bruder vom angelsächsischen König Aelle gefangen.
Nach gescheiterten Verhandlungen tötet Ragnar den Bruder. König Aelle schwört sich Rache an Ragnar. In Staffel 2 heiratet Ragnar seine zweite Frau Aslaug.
Es gibt einen Zeitsprung von einigen Jahren. Rollo ergibt sich Ragnar. Lagertha und Björn verlassen Ragnar aufgrund eines unehelichen Kindes mit Aslaug.
Vier Jahre später : Ragnar erwartet sein drittes Kind mit Aslaug. Ragnar kehrt nach Kattegat zurück und Jarl Borg wird brutal hingerichtet.
Athelstan ist derweil in Wessex bei König Egbert. Athelstan und Egbert freunden sich an. Aufgrund des Bündnisses werden die Wikinger geschlagen.
Einige dänische Krieger werden Söldner für England. Horik will Ragnar stürzen und rekrutiert Floki und Siggi für seinen Kampf. Es kommt zu einer Auseinandersetzung in Kattegat.
Harbarg heilt das Baby Ivar Ragnarsson von seinen Schmerzen. Prinzessin Kwenthrith besteigt Mercias Thron. Aethelwulf startet einen brutalen Angriff gegen die Wikinger.
König Egbert scheint die Taten zu verurteilen, doch in Wirklichkeit gratuliert er seinem Sohn. Egberts Bündnis mit den Wikingern war eine List.
Floki ermordet Athelstan , der er eifersüchtig auf seine gute Freundschaft zu Ragnar ist. Ragnar bestraft Floki.
Ragnar startet einen Angriff auf die westfränkische Stadt Paris. Die ersten Angriffsversuche sind vergeblich, doch die Wikinger belagern die Stadtgrenzen, weshalb Ragnar Verhandlungen mit König Karl aushandelt.
Ragnar lässt sich christlich taufen und erhält im Gegenzug Gold und Silber. Die Wikinger plündern Paris. Rollo nimmt das Angebot an.
Ragnar und Rollo kämpfen um Paris und treten an als Feinde. Aethelwulf rettet Kwenthrith und bringt sie nach Wessex. König Egbert vereint Wessex und Mercia als sein Herrschaftsgebiet.
Kwenthrith und Aelle brechen das Bündnis mit Egbert. Acht Jahre später: Ragnar kehrt zurück nach Kattegat. Ragnar segelt mit Ivar nach England und wird in Wessex gefangen genommen.
König Egbert und Ragnar unterhalten sich ausgiebig und entwickeln Sympathie zueinander. Auch Ragnars Frau Lagertha ist mit dabei.
Dank Ragnars taktischem Geschick können sie auch diesmal wieder reiche Beute machen. Da Ragnar den Angriff während des Gottesdienstes durchführen lässt, können seine Männer die gesamte Bevölkerung der angegriffenen Stadt auf einmal festsetzen.
Lagertha kommt dazu, als Knut eine Angelsächsin vergewaltigen will. Als sie ihn davon abhält, greift er sie an und will auch sie vergewaltigen, woraufhin sie ihn tötet.
Die Wikinger kämpfen sie jedoch recht schnell nieder und verlieren dabei nur wenige Männer. Der Ruhm Ragnars vermehrt sich durch seinen erneuten Erfolg.
Das steigende Ansehen Ragnars missfällt jedoch dem Jarl, der gegen Ragnar vorgeht, dessen Hof niederbrennt und die Dienerschaft tötet.
Ragnar und seine Familie können nur knapp entkommen. Ragnar hat auch nicht mit den Gefühlen seines älteren Bruders Rollo gerechnet.
Nach den ersten Überfällen bereiten sich die Angelsachsen besser auf die Angriffe der Wikinger vor, und es kommt zu diversen militärischen Auseinandersetzungen.
Ragnar interessiert sich für die Lebensart der Angelsachsen, die er bei einem formellen Abendessen in der Residenz des Königs kennen lernt.
Als seine militärische List fehlschlägt und Ragnar den Bruder des Königs als Leiche zurückschickt, ist Aelle dennoch gezwungen, das Lösegeld zu bezahlen.
Doch er schwört Rache und ist von nun an Ragnars unversöhnlicher Todfeind. Nachdem Rollo einen seiner ehemaligen Kameraden getötet hat, ergibt er sich desillusioniert Ragnar.
Ragnar schafft es, einen brüchigen Frieden zwischen Horik und Borg zu vermitteln, indem er beiden die Teilnahme am nächsten Englandraubzug verspricht.
Borg gibt daraufhin gegenüber Horik nach. Ragnars Frau Lagertha und ihr Sohn verlassen ihn, nachdem seine Geliebte Aslaug ein Kind von ihm erwartet und zu ihm zieht.
Gleichzeitig gehen die politischen Intrigen weiter, in die Rollo zunächst verwickelt ist. In der 2. Folge erfolgt ein Zeitsprung von vier Jahren.
Ragnar hat bereits zwei Kinder mit Aslaug, ein drittes Kind ist unterwegs. Ragnar bricht mit Horik nach England auf, wo sie nach einem schweren Sturm an einer unbekannten Küste landen.
Es stellt sich heraus, dass es sich um das Königreich Wessex handelt. Dort regiert König Egbert , der offenbar ein fähiger, recht gefürchteter Herrscher ist und sich auf die neue Bedrohung einstellt.
König Horiks Sohn Ari stirbt während des Raubzugs. Währenddessen kommt es auch zum Konflikt zwischen Ragnar und Jarl Borg.
Rollo, der von seinem Bruder zwar wieder aufgenommen, aber in Kattegat zurückgelassen wurde, organisiert die Verteidigung und schafft es, Ragnars Familie in Sicherheit zu bringen.
Ragnar sieht sich daraufhin gezwungen, England sofort zu verlassen. Jarl Borg wird mit der grausamen Methode des Blutadler Blutaar getötet.
Den vereinigten Truppen der angelsächsischen Könige gelingt es aufgrund von Egberts Kenntnis antiker Strategien, die Wikinger zu schlagen.
Egbert ist an einem Bündnis mit den Wikingern interessiert und bietet ihnen Siedlungsland an, worauf Ragnar aufgeschlossen reagiert. Horik wird von Ragnar getötet, nur dessen Sohn Erlendur wird verschont.
In Ragnars Herrschaftsgebiet, wo Aslaug zurückgeblieben ist, taucht währenddessen für kurze Zeit ein mysteriöser Wanderer auf, der gottähnliche Kräfte zu besitzen scheint.
Das Verhältnis zwischen Ragnar und Aslaug, aber auch zwischen Ragnar und Floki verschlechtert sich zunehmend. Lagertha unterhält einige Zeit eine Affäre mit König Egbert, der verspricht, den neuen Siedlern zu helfen.
Athelstan geht eine kurze Affäre mit Egberts Schwiegertochter Judith ein, die bereits einen legitimen Sohn von ihrem Gatten Aethelwulf hat und bei dieser Gelegenheit erneut schwanger wird.
Nach der Abreise der meisten Wikinger aus Wessex unternimmt Aethelwulf einen brutalen Angriff auf deren englische Siedlung. König Egbert scheint die schuldigen Adligen zu bestrafen, in Wahrheit gehörte der Überfall jedoch zu seinem Plan, die Wikinger vor Ort auszuschalten und sich langfristig die Oberherrschaft über ganz England zu sichern.
Es gelingt ihm, sich die Oberherrschaft über Mercia zu sichern. Zudem nimmt er sich seine Schwiegertochter zur Mätresse, nachdem er ihre blutige öffentliche Bestrafung nach Nennung Athelstans als Vater ihres ungeborenen Kindes abgebrochen hat.
Ragnars Vertrauter Athelstan wird von Floki, der dem Angelsachsen nie vertraute und eifersüchtig auf dessen gutes Verhältnis zu Ragnar war, ermordet.
Auch weitere Angriffe werden, wenngleich mühsam, von den Verteidigern von Paris zurückgeschlagen, doch die Nahrungsmittel in der Stadt werden knapp.
Der bei den Kämpfen schwer verwundete Ragnar hat aber noch eine andere Bedingung: Er will als Christ getauft werden, was auch unmittelbar vor Ort noch geschieht, zum Entsetzen der anderen Wikingerführer.
Der dem Tode nahe Ragnar wünscht ein christliches Begräbnis. Unerwartet öffnet sich der Sarg und der noch lebendige Ragnar und die anwesenden Wikinger nehmen Prinzessin Gisla als Geisel und öffnen die Tore der Stadt.
Allerdings bleibt ein Teil unter Rollos Führung zurück. Rollo geht darauf ein. In der vierten Staffel geht es abermals um einen Angriff auf Paris.
Ragnar und Rollo begegnen einander als Feinde. In Paris wendet sich Rollo gegen die letzten Verbündeten seiner Heimat, um damit seine Stellung am westfränkischen Hof zu stärken und die Gunst seiner Braut, Prinzessin Gisla, zu gewinnen — ohne Erfolg.
Nachdem sich Ragnar erholt hat, startet er gemeinsam mit den Wikingern einen zweiten Beutezug auf Paris. Die Wikinger müssen eine Niederlage einstecken, geben sich jedoch noch nicht geschlagen.
Ragnar und die Wikinger müssen die Flucht ergreifen. In Britannien wurde inzwischen Königin Kwenthrith vom Thron Mercias gestürzt und mit ihrem jungen Sohn gefangengesetzt.
Trotz dieser Entdeckung hält er am Bündnis mit König Egbert fest. Egbert und Aelle wollen nun die Ordnung in Mercia wiederherstellen, doch Egbert treibt ein falsches Spiel.
Zunächst organisiert er für seinen Enkel Alfred Judiths Sohn von Athelstan eine Pilgerreise nach Rom , auf der ihn Aethelwulf begleiten soll, wodurch Egbert freie Hand hat, seine Streitmacht persönlich nach Mercia zu führen.
Bei einem geheimen Treffen mit dem Usurpator Wigstan verzichtet dieser freiwillig auf den Thron, wodurch Egbert nun kampflos König von Wessex und Mercia wird und damit seine Verbündeten Kwenthrith und Aelle hintergeht.
Damit ist das Bündnis zwischen Wessex und Northumbria endgültig zerbrochen. Nach einem Zeitsprung — geschätzt werden zwischen sechs und acht Jahre  — kehren die Wikinger zurück nach Kattegat, das sich in den Jahren verändert hat.
Selbst seine Familie ist von dieser Enthüllung schwer getroffen. Ragnar lernt seine mittlerweile erwachsenen Söhne Hvitserk, Ivar, Ubbe und Sigurd kennen, die sich von ihrem Vater ebenfalls betrogen fühlen.
Ragnar, umzingelt von Wikingern und seiner Familie, die ihm alle mit Hass begegnen, stellt ihnen die Frage, wer sich traut, ihn zu töten und somit König zu werden.
Nach einem Sturm stranden sie an der Küste von Wessex und werden gefangen genommen. König Egbert ist erfreut, sich mit Ragnar unterhalten zu können.
Im Gespräch offenbaren sie viele Motive ihrer vorherigen Handlungen und auch, dass Ragnar nicht mehr wirklich an die Götter glaubt, während Egbert trotz aller harten Realpolitik sich am Religiösen klammert.
Da Egbert sich hartnäckig weigert, Ragnar zu töten, schlägt dieser vor, ihn an seinen alten Todfeind König Aelle auszuliefern.
Wenn dann Ragnars Söhne ihn rächen würden, was mit Sicherheit geschehen werde, würde dies nicht Wessex betreffen; dafür sollte Ivar heil nach Kattegat zurückkehren dürfen.
Egbert stimmt zu, doch Ragnar vertraut sich Ivar an, zu dem er langsam eine Verbindung aufgebaut hat, dass die folgende Rache Wessex treffen solle.
Ragnar wird an Aelle ausgeliefert, der nach all den Jahren endlich seinen Schwur einlösen kann und Ragnar in einer Schlangengrube tötet.
Währenddessen haben sich die Verhältnisse in Kattegat verändert. Lagertha übernimmt dort die Macht und tötet Aslaug, woraufhin vor allem der zurückgekehrte Ivar auf Rache sinnt.
Dort findet Helga das Waisenmädchen Tanaruz, welches sie nach Norwegen mitnimmt. Bjorn und seine Halbbrüder erfahren vom Tod ihres Vaters und sammeln sich wieder in Kattegat.
Staffel 2 getötet. Egbert verzichtet zugunsten Aethelwulfs auf die Krone und liefert sich den Wikingern aus.
There is archaeological evidence that Vikings reached Baghdad , the centre of the Islamic Empire. Scandinavian Norsemen explored Europe by its seas and rivers for trade, raids, colonization, and conquest.
In the Viking Age, the present day nations of Norway, Sweden and Denmark did not exist, but were largely homogeneous and similar in culture and language, although somewhat distinct geographically.
The names of Scandinavian kings are reliably known for only the later part of the Viking Age. After the end of the Viking Age the separate kingdoms gradually acquired distinct identities as nations, which went hand-in-hand with their Christianisation.
Thus the end of the Viking Age for the Scandinavians also marks the start of their relatively brief Middle Ages. Colonization of Iceland by Norwegian Vikings began in the ninth century.
The first source mentioning Iceland and Greenland is a papal letter of Twenty years later, they appear in the Gesta of Adam of Bremen.
It was not until after , when the islands had become Christianized, that accounts of the history of the islands were written from the point of view of the inhabitants in sagas and chronicles.
They raided and pillaged, traded, acted as mercenaries and settled colonies over a wide area. Later in their history, they began to settle in other lands.
This expansion occurred during the Medieval Warm Period. Viking expansion into continental Europe was limited.
Their realm was bordered by powerful tribes to the south. The Saxons were a fierce and powerful people and were often in conflict with the Vikings.
To counter the Saxon aggression and solidify their own presence, the Danes constructed the huge defence fortification of Danevirke in and around Hedeby.
The Vikings witnessed the violent subduing of the Saxons by Charlemagne , in the thirty-year Saxon Wars of — The Saxon defeat resulted in their forced christening and the absorption of Old Saxony into the Carolingian Empire.
Fear of the Franks led the Vikings to further expand Danevirke, and the defence constructions remained in use throughout the Viking Age and even up until The south coast of the Baltic Sea was ruled by the Obotrites , a federation of Slavic tribes loyal to the Carolingians and later the Frankish empire.
Researchers have suggested that Vikings may have originally started sailing and raiding due to a need to seek out women from foreign lands.
Due to this, the average Viking man could have been forced to perform riskier actions to gain wealth and power to be able to find suitable women.
One common theory posits that Charlemagne "used force and terror to Christianise all pagans", leading to baptism, conversion or execution, and as a result, Vikings and other pagans resisted and wanted revenge.
Another explanation is that the Vikings exploited a moment of weakness in the surrounding regions.
England suffered from internal divisions and was relatively easy prey given the proximity of many towns to the sea or to navigable rivers.
Lack of organised naval opposition throughout Western Europe allowed Viking ships to travel freely, raiding or trading as opportunity permitted.
The decline in the profitability of old trade routes could also have played a role. Trade between western Europe and the rest of Eurasia suffered a severe blow when the Western Roman Empire fell in the 5th century.
Raids in Europe, including raids and settlements from Scandinavia, were not unprecedented and had occurred long before the Vikings arrived.
The Jutes invaded the British Isles three centuries earlier, pouring out from Jutland during the Age of Migrations , before the Danes settled there.
The Saxons and the Angles did the same, embarking from mainland Europe. The Viking raids were, however, the first to be documented in writing by eyewitnesses, and they were much larger in scale and frequency than in previous times.
Vikings themselves were expanding; although their motives are unclear, historians believe that scarce resources or a lack of mating opportunities were a factor.
The "Highway of Slaves" was a term for a route that the Vikings found to have a direct pathway from Scandinavia to Constantinople and Baghdad while traveling on the Baltic Sea.
With the advancements of their ships during the ninth century, the Vikings were able to sail to Kievan Rus and some northern parts of Europe.
Jomsborg was a semi-legendary Viking stronghold at the southern coast of the Baltic Sea medieval Wendland , modern Pomerania , that existed between the s and Its inhabitants were known as Jomsvikings.
Jomsborg's exact location, or its existence, has not yet been established, though it is often maintained that Jomsborg was somewhere on the islands of the Oder estuary.
While the Vikings were active beyond their Scandinavian homelands, Scandinavia was itself experiencing new influences and undergoing a variety of cultural changes.
By the late 11th century, royal dynasties were legitimised by the Catholic Church which had had little influence in Scandinavia years earlier which were asserting their power with increasing authority and ambition, with the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden taking shape.
Towns appeared that functioned as secular and ecclesiastical administrative centres and market sites, and monetary economies began to emerge based on English and German models.
Christianity had taken root in Denmark and Norway with the establishment of dioceses in the 11th century, and the new religion was beginning to organise and assert itself more effectively in Sweden.
Foreign churchmen and native elites were energetic in furthering the interests of Christianity, which was now no longer operating only on a missionary footing, and old ideologies and lifestyles were transforming.
By , the first archbishopric was founded in Scandinavia, at Lund , Scania, then part of Denmark. The assimilation of the nascent Scandinavian kingdoms into the cultural mainstream of European Christendom altered the aspirations of Scandinavian rulers and of Scandinavians able to travel overseas, and changed their relations with their neighbours.
One of the primary sources of profit for the Vikings had been slave-taking from other European peoples.
The medieval Church held that Christians should not own fellow Christians as slaves, so chattel slavery diminished as a practice throughout northern Europe.
This took much of the economic incentive out of raiding, though sporadic slaving activity continued into the 11th century.
Scandinavian predation in Christian lands around the North and Irish Seas diminished markedly. The kings of Norway continued to assert power in parts of northern Britain and Ireland, and raids continued into the 12th century, but the military ambitions of Scandinavian rulers were now directed toward new paths.
In , Sigurd I of Norway sailed for the eastern Mediterranean with Norwegian crusaders to fight for the newly established Kingdom of Jerusalem , and Danes and Swedes participated energetically in the Baltic Crusades of the 12th and 13th centuries.
A variety of sources illuminate the culture, activities, and beliefs of the Vikings. Although they were generally a non-literate culture that produced no literary legacy, they had an alphabet and described themselves and their world on runestones.
Most contemporary literary and written sources on the Vikings come from other cultures that were in contact with them.
The most important primary sources on the Vikings are contemporary texts from Scandinavia and regions where the Vikings were active.
Most contemporary documentary sources consist of texts written in Christian and Islamic communities outside Scandinavia, often by authors who had been negatively affected by Viking activity.
Later writings on the Vikings and the Viking Age can also be important for understanding them and their culture, although they need to be treated cautiously.
After the consolidation of the church and the assimilation of Scandinavia and its colonies into the mainstream of medieval Christian culture in the 11th and 12th centuries, native written sources begin to appear in Latin and Old Norse.
In the Viking colony of Iceland, an extraordinary vernacular literature blossomed in the 12th through 14th centuries, and many traditions connected with the Viking Age were written down for the first time in the Icelandic sagas.
A literal interpretation of these medieval prose narratives about the Vikings and the Scandinavian past is doubtful, but many specific elements remain worthy of consideration, such as the great quantity of skaldic poetry attributed to court poets of the 10th and 11th centuries, the exposed family trees, the self images, the ethical values, that are contained in these literary writings.
Indirectly, the Vikings have also left a window open onto their language, culture and activities, through many Old Norse place names and words found in their former sphere of influence.
Some of these place names and words are still in direct use today, almost unchanged, and shed light on where they settled and what specific places meant to them.
Viking influence is also evident in concepts like the present-day parliamentary body of the Tynwald on the Isle of Man. Some modern words and names only emerge and contribute to our understanding after a more intense research of linguistic sources from medieval or later records, such as York Horse Bay , Swansea Sveinn 's Isle or some of the place names in Normandy like Tocqueville Toki's farm.
Linguistic and etymological studies continue to provide a vital source of information on the Viking culture, their social structure and history and how they interacted with the people and cultures they met, traded, attacked or lived with in overseas settlements.
It has been speculated that the reason for this was the great differences between the two languages, combined with the Rus' Vikings more peaceful businesses in these areas and the fact that they were outnumbered.
The Norse named some of the rapids on the Dnieper , but this can hardly be seen from the modern names.
The Norse of the Viking Age could read and write and used a non-standardised alphabet, called runor , built upon sound values.
While there are few remains of runic writing on paper from the Viking era, thousands of stones with runic inscriptions have been found where Vikings lived.
They are usually in memory of the dead, though not necessarily placed at graves. The use of runor survived into the 15th century, used in parallel with the Latin alphabet.
The runestones are unevenly distributed in Scandinavia: Denmark has runestones, Norway has 50 while Iceland has none.
The Swedish district of Uppland has the highest concentration with as many as 1, inscriptions in stone, whereas Södermanland is second with The majority of runic inscriptions from the Viking period are found in Sweden.
Many runestones in Scandinavia record the names of participants in Viking expeditions, such as the Kjula runestone that tells of extensive warfare in Western Europe and the Turinge Runestone , which tells of a war band in Eastern Europe.
Other runestones mention men who died on Viking expeditions. Among them include the England runestones Swedish : Englandsstenarna which is a group of about 30 runestones in Sweden which refer to Viking Age voyages to England.
They were engraved in Old Norse with the Younger Futhark. The Jelling stones date from between and The older, smaller stone was raised by King Gorm the Old , the last pagan king of Denmark, as a memorial honouring Queen Thyre.
It has three sides: one with an animal image, one with an image of the crucified Jesus Christ, and a third bearing the following inscription:.
Runestones attest to voyages to locations such as Bath ,  Greece how the Vikings referred to the Byzantium territories generally ,  Khwaresm ,  Jerusalem ,  Italy as Langobardland ,  Serkland i.
Viking Age inscriptions have also been discovered on the Manx runestones on the Isle of Man. The last known people to use the Runic alphabet were an isolated group of people known as the Elfdalians , that lived in the locality of Älvdalen in the Swedish province of Dalarna.
They spoke the language of Elfdalian , the language unique to Älvdalen. The Elfdalian language differentiates itself from the other Scandinavian languages as it evolved much closer to Old Norse.
The people of Älvdalen stopped using runes as late as the s. Usage of runes therefore survived longer in Älvdalen than anywhere else in the world.
Traditionally regarded as a Swedish dialect,  but by several criteria closer related to West Scandinavian dialects,  Elfdalian is a separate language by the standard of mutual intelligibility.
Residents in the area who speak only Swedish as their sole native language, neither speaking nor understanding Elfdalian, are also common.
Älvdalen can be said to have had its own alphabet during the 17th and 18th century. Today there are about 2, native speakers of Elfdalian.
The burial practices of the Vikings were quite varied, from dug graves in the ground, to tumuli , sometimes including so-called ship burials.
According to written sources, most of the funerals took place at sea. The funerals involved either burial or cremation , depending on local customs.
In the area that is now Sweden, cremations were predominant; in Denmark burial was more common; and in Norway both were common. There have been several archaeological finds of Viking ships of all sizes, providing knowledge of the craftsmanship that went into building them.
There were many types of Viking ships, built for various uses; the best-known type is probably the longship.
The longship had a long, narrow hull and shallow draught to facilitate landings and troop deployments in shallow water. Longships were used extensively by the Leidang , the Scandinavian defence fleets.
The longship allowed the Norse to go Viking , which might explain why this type of ship has become almost synonymous with the concept of Vikings.
The Vikings built many unique types of watercraft, often used for more peaceful tasks. The knarr was a dedicated merchant vessel designed to carry cargo in bulk.
It had a broader hull, deeper draught, and a small number of oars used primarily to manoeuvre in harbours and similar situations.
One Viking innovation was the ' beitass ', a spar mounted to the sail that allowed their ships to sail effectively against the wind.
Ships were an integral part of the Viking culture. They facilitated everyday transportation across seas and waterways, exploration of new lands, raids, conquests, and trade with neighbouring cultures.
They also held a major religious importance. People with high status were sometimes buried in a ship along with animal sacrifices, weapons, provisions and other items, as evidenced by the buried vessels at Gokstad and Oseberg in Norway  and the excavated ship burial at Ladby in Denmark.
Ship burials were also practised by Vikings abroad, as evidenced by the excavations of the Salme ships on the Estonian island of Saaremaa.
Well-preserved remains of five Viking ships were excavated from Roskilde Fjord in the late s, representing both the longship and the knarr.
The ships were scuttled there in the 11th century to block a navigation channel and thus protect Roskilde , then the Danish capital, from seaborne assault.
The remains of these ships are on display at the Viking Ship Museum in Roskilde. In , archaeologists uncovered two Viking boat graves in Gamla Uppsala.
They also discovered that one of the boats still holds the remains of a man, a dog, and a horse, along with other items.
Viking society was divided into the three socio-economic classes: Thralls, Karls and Jarls.
Archaeology has confirmed this social structure. Thralls were the lowest ranking class and were slaves. Slaves comprised as much as a quarter of the population.
Thralls were servants and workers in the farms and larger households of the Karls and Jarls, and they were used for constructing fortifications, ramps, canals, mounds, roads and similar hard work projects.
According to the Rigsthula, Thralls were despised and looked down upon. New thralls were supplied by either the sons and daughters of thralls or captured abroad.
The Vikings often deliberately captured many people on their raids in Europe, to enslave them as thralls.
The thralls were then brought back home to Scandinavia by boat, used on location or in newer settlements to build needed structures, or sold, often to the Arabs in exchange for silver.
Karls were free peasants. They owned farms, land and cattle and engaged in daily chores like ploughing the fields, milking the cattle, building houses and wagons, but used thralls to make ends meet.
Other names for Karls were 'bonde' or simply free men. The Jarls were the aristocracy of the Viking society. They were wealthy and owned large estates with huge longhouses, horses and many thralls.
The thralls did most of the daily chores, while the Jarls did administration, politics, hunting, sports, visited other Jarls or went abroad on expeditions.
When a Jarl died and was buried, his household thralls were sometimes sacrificially killed and buried next to him, as many excavations have revealed.
In daily life, there were many intermediate positions in the overall social structure and it is believed that there must have been some social mobility.
These details are unclear, but titles and positions like hauldr , thegn , landmand , show mobility between the Karls and the Jarls.
Members of the latter were referred to as drenge , one of the words for warrior. There were also official communities within towns and villages, the overall defence, religion, the legal system and the Things.
Such a woman was referred to as Baugrygr , and she exercised all the rights afforded to the head of a family clan—such as the right to demand and receive fines for the slaughter of a family member—until she married, by which her rights were transferred to her new husband.
After the age of 20, an unmarried woman, referred to as maer and mey , reached legal majority and had the right to decide her place of residence and was regarded as her own person before the law.
Female graves from before the Viking Age in Scandinavia holds a proportional large number of remains from women aged 20 to 35, presumably due to complications of childbirth.
Widows enjoyed the same independent status as unmarried women. A married woman could divorce her husband and remarry. There was no distinction made between children born inside or outside marriage: both had the right to inherit property after their parents, and there were no "legitimate" or "illegitimate" children.
The three classes were easily recognisable by their appearances. Men and women of the Jarls were well groomed with neat hairstyles and expressed their wealth and status by wearing expensive clothes often silk and well crafted jewellery like brooches , belt buckles, necklaces and arm rings.
Almost all of the jewellery was crafted in specific designs unique to the Norse see Viking art.
Finger rings were seldom used and earrings were not used at all, as they were seen as a Slavic phenomenon.
Most Karls expressed similar tastes and hygiene, but in a more relaxed and inexpensive way. Archaeological findings throughout Scandinavia and Viking settlements in the British Isles support the idea of the well groomed and hygienic Viking.
Burial with grave goods was a common practice in the Scandinavian world, through the Viking Age and well past the Christianization of the Norse peoples.
The manufacturing of such antler combs was common, as at the Viking settlement at Dublin hundreds of examples of combs from the tenth-century have survived, suggesting that grooming was a common practice.
The sagas tell about the diet and cuisine of the Vikings,  but first hand evidence, like cesspits , kitchen middens and garbage dumps have proved to be of great value and importance.
Undigested remains of plants from cesspits at Coppergate in York have provided much information in this respect.
Overall, archaeo-botanical investigations have been undertaken increasingly in recent decades, as a collaboration between archaeologists and palaeoethno-botanists.
This new approach sheds light on the agricultural and horticultural practices of the Vikings and their cuisine. The combined information from various sources suggests a diverse cuisine and ingredients.
Meat products of all kinds, such as cured , smoked and whey -preserved meat,  sausages, and boiled or fried fresh meat cuts, were prepared and consumed.
Certain livestock were typical and unique to the Vikings, including the Icelandic horse , Icelandic cattle , a plethora of sheep breeds,  the Danish hen and the Danish goose.
Most of the beef and horse leg bones were found split lengthways, to extract the marrow. The mutton and swine were cut into leg and shoulder joints and chops.
The frequent remains of pig skull and foot bones found on house floors indicate that brawn and trotters were also popular.
Hens were kept for both their meat and eggs, and the bones of game birds such as black grouse , golden plover , wild ducks, and geese have also been found.
Seafood was important, in some places even more so than meat. Whales and walrus were hunted for food in Norway and the north-western parts of the North Atlantic region, and seals were hunted nearly everywhere.
Oysters , mussels and shrimps were eaten in large quantities and cod and salmon were popular fish. In the southern regions, herring was also important.
Milk and buttermilk were popular, both as cooking ingredients and drinks, but were not always available, even at farms.
Food was often salted and enhanced with spices, some of which were imported like black pepper , while others were cultivated in herb gardens or harvested in the wild.
Home grown spices included caraway , mustard and horseradish as evidenced from the Oseberg ship burial  or dill , coriander , and wild celery , as found in cesspits at Coppergate in York.
Thyme , juniper berry , sweet gale , yarrow , rue and peppercress were also used and cultivated in herb gardens. Vikings collected and ate fruits, berries and nuts.
Apple wild crab apples , plums and cherries were part of the diet,  as were rose hips and raspberry , wild strawberry , blackberry , elderberry , rowan , hawthorn and various wild berries, specific to the locations.
The shells were used for dyeing, and it is assumed that the nuts were consumed. The invention and introduction of the mouldboard plough revolutionised agriculture in Scandinavia in the early Viking Age and made it possible to farm even poor soils.
In Ribe , grains of rye , barley , oat and wheat dated to the 8th century have been found and examined, and are believed to have been cultivated locally.
Remains of bread from primarily Birka in Sweden were made of barley and wheat. It is unclear if the Norse leavened their breads, but their ovens and baking utensils suggest that they did.
This suggests a much higher actual percentage, as linen is poorly preserved compared to wool for example.
The quality of food for common people was not always particularly high. The research at Coppergate shows that the Vikings in York made bread from whole meal flour—probably both wheat and rye —but with the seeds of cornfield weeds included.
Corncockle Agrostemma , would have made the bread dark-coloured, but the seeds are poisonous, and people who ate the bread might have become ill.
Seeds of carrots, parsnip , and brassicas were also discovered, but they were poor specimens and tend to come from white carrots and bitter tasting cabbages.
The effects of this can be seen on skeletal remains of that period. Sports were widely practised and encouraged by the Vikings.
This included spear and stone throwing, building and testing physical strength through wrestling see glima , fist fighting , and stone lifting.
In areas with mountains, mountain climbing was practised as a sport. Agility and balance were built and tested by running and jumping for sport, and there is mention of a sport that involved jumping from oar to oar on the outside of a ship's railing as it was being rowed.
Swimming was a popular sport and Snorri Sturluson describes three types: diving, long-distance swimming, and a contest in which two swimmers try to dunk one another.
Children often participated in some of the sport disciplines and women have also been mentioned as swimmers, although it is unclear if they took part in competition.
King Olaf Tryggvason was hailed as a master of both mountain climbing and oar-jumping, and was said to have excelled in the art of knife juggling as well.
Skiing and ice skating were the primary winter sports of the Vikings, although skiing was also used as everyday means of transport in winter and in the colder regions of the north.
Horse fighting was practised for sport, although the rules are unclear. It appears to have involved two stallions pitted against each other, within smell and sight of fenced-off mares.
Whatever the rules were, the fights often resulted in the death of one of the stallions. Icelandic sources refer to the sport of knattleik.
A ball game akin to hockey , knattleik involved a bat and a small hard ball and was usually played on a smooth field of ice.
The rules are unclear, but it was popular with both adults and children, even though it often led to injuries.
Knattleik appears to have been played only in Iceland, where it attracted many spectators, as did horse fighting. Hunting, as a sport, was limited to Denmark, where it was not regarded as an important occupation.
Birds, deer , hares and foxes were hunted with bow and spear, and later with crossbows. The techniques were stalking, snare and traps and par force hunting with dog packs.
Both archaeological finds and written sources testify to the fact that the Vikings set aside time for social and festive gatherings.
Board games and dice games were played as a popular pastime at all levels of society. Preserved gaming pieces and boards show game boards made of easily available materials like wood, with game pieces manufactured from stone, wood or bone, while other finds include elaborately carved boards and game pieces of glass, amber , antler or walrus tusk, together with materials of foreign origin, such as ivory.
The Vikings played several types of tafl games; hnefatafl , nitavl nine men's morris and the less common kvatrutafl.
Chess also appeared at the end of the Viking Age. Hnefatafl is a war game, in which the object is to capture the king piece—a large hostile army threatens and the king's men have to protect the king.
It was played on a board with squares using black and white pieces, with moves made according to dice rolls. The Ockelbo Runestone shows two men engaged in Hnefatafl, and the sagas suggest that money or valuables could have been involved in some dice games.
On festive occasions storytelling , skaldic poetry , music and alcoholic drinks, like beer and mead , contributed to the atmosphere.
The Vikings are known to have played instruments including harps , fiddles , lyres and lutes. Viking-age reenactors have undertaken experimental activities such as iron smelting and forging using Norse techniques at Norstead in Newfoundland for example.
The remains of that ship and four others were discovered during a excavation in the Roskilde Fjord.
Tree-ring analysis has shown the ship was built of oak in the vicinity of Dublin in about Seventy multi-national crew members sailed the ship back to its home, and Sea Stallion arrived outside Dublin's Custom House on 14 August The purpose of the voyage was to test and document the seaworthiness, speed, and manoeuvrability of the ship on the rough open sea and in coastal waters with treacherous currents.
The crew tested how the long, narrow, flexible hull withstood the tough ocean waves. The expedition also provided valuable new information on Viking longships and society.
The ship was built using Viking tools, materials, and much the same methods as the original ship. Other vessels, often replicas of the Gokstad ship full- or half-scale or Skuldelev have been built and tested as well.
Elements of a Scandinavian identity and practices were maintained in settler societies, but they could be quite distinct as the groups assimilated into the neighboring societies.
Assimilation to the Frankish culture in Normandy for example was rapid. Knowledge about the arms and armour of the Viking age is based on archaeological finds, pictorial representation, and to some extent on the accounts in the Norse sagas and Norse laws recorded in the 13th century.
According to custom, all free Norse men were required to own weapons and were permitted to carry them at all times. These arms indicated a Viking's social status: a wealthy Viking had a complete ensemble of a helmet , shield , mail shirt, and sword.
However, swords were rarely used in battle, probably not sturdy enough for combat and most likely only used as symbolic or decorative items.
Bows were used in the opening stages of land battles and at sea, but they tended to be considered less "honourable" than melee weapons.
Vikings were relatively unusual for the time in their use of axes as a main battle weapon. The warfare and violence of the Vikings were often motivated and fuelled by their beliefs in Norse religion , focusing on Thor and Odin , the gods of war and death.
Such tactics may have been deployed intentionally by shock troops , and the berserk-state may have been induced through ingestion of materials with psychoactive properties, such as the hallucinogenic mushrooms, Amanita muscaria ,  or large amounts of alcohol.
The Vikings established and engaged in extensive trading networks throughout the known world and had a profound influence on the economic development of Europe and Scandinavia.
Except for the major trading centres of Ribe , Hedeby and the like, the Viking world was unfamiliar with the use of coinage and was based on so called bullion economy, that is, the weight of precious metals.
Silver was the most common metal in the economy, although gold was also used to some extent.
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Doch die Siedler sind mit dem unfruchtbaren Island unzufrieden und wenden sich gegen Floki. Floki schlägt sich als Opfer vor , um die Götter wieder glücklich zu stimmen.
Er entführt Astrid, eine Schildmaid von Lagertha, und heiratet sie unter Zwang. Bei Amazon kaufen Preis inkl.
Letzte Aktualisierung am 4. Die Wikinger überfallen York und nehmen die Stadt ein. Aethelwulf will York zurückerobern und holt sich Verstärkung: Bischof Heahmund ist ein Gotteskrieger und sicher im Umgang mit dem Schwert.
Heahmund ignoriert die Friedensangebote von Ubbe und Hvitserk. Ivar übernimmt die Führung des Heeres und Ubbe kehrt zurück nach Kattegat.
Ivar nimmt Bischof Heahmund gefangen. Harald verbündet sich mit Ivar, um Kattegat zu erobern und Lagertha zu töten.
Ivar unterliegt Lagertha in einer ersten Schlacht um Kattegat. Lagertha nimmt Bischof Heahmund gefangen.
Heahmund verliebt sich in Lagertha. Aethelwulf stirbt an einer allergischen Reaktion auf einen Bienenstich.
Aethelred gibt nach und Alfred wird zum König ernannt. Hvitserk segelt nach Paris , um Rollo nach Unterstützung zu fragen. Rollo schickt Truppen nach Norwegen.
Ivar gewinnt die zweite Schlacht um Kattegat. In der Schlacht stirbt Björns Frau. Harald tötet seinen Bruder Halfdan.
Ubbe verschon Hvitserk. Lagertha tötet ihre Geliebte Astrid. Rollo erscheint mit einem riesigen Heer vor der Küste Norwegens.
Lesedauer: 7 Mins. Titelbild Details Trailer. Haraldson segnet den Plan nicht…. Zusammenfassung: Vikings Staffel Keyvan Azh.
User Rating: Be the first one! Mehr erfahren Video laden YouTube immer entsperren. Dezember Uhr Keyvan Azh.
Kritik: Outlaw King. Kritik: The Last Kingdom — Staffel 2. Kritik: The Last Kingdom — Staffel 1.
Noch mehr Zusammenfassungen Zusammenfassung: Avengers Filmreihe. Zusammenfassung: Avengers Filmreihe. Auch der kriegerische Bischof Heahmund hat wirklich existiert.
Er wurde in der Schlacht von Marton getötet. Anfang hat der kanadische Fernsehsender History Television bekannt gegeben, seine erste eigenproduzierte Fernsehserie herzustellen.
Ende Mai wurden die ersten Rollen vergeben. Mitte September wurde offiziell eine sechste Staffel bestätigt, deren Dreharbeiten noch im gleichen Monat begonnen haben.
Michael Hirst, Schöpfer der Serie, bestätigte, dass die Wikinger in den neuen Episoden nach Russland reisen, das von Wikingern als Rus gegründet wurde.
Alexander Ludwig. Die Erstausstrahlung in Kanada erfolgte am 3. März im Anschluss an die Miniserie Die Bibel.
Das Staffelfinale wurde am April ausgestrahlt. Die zehnteilige zweite Staffel lief zwischen dem Februar und dem 1.
Mai und wurde durchschnittlich von etwa 3,20 Millionen Zuschauern gesehen. Die dritte Staffel, die wiederum aus zehn Episoden besteht, lief von Februar bis April In Deutschland erschien die komplette erste Staffel am Juni über den Video-on-Demand -Anbieter Lovefilm.
April bis zum 9. Mai auf dem Sender ProSieben ausgestrahlt, wobei jeweils drei Folgen hintereinander gesendet wurden.
Juni wurde die gesamte Staffel veröffentlicht. Am Juni veröffentlichte Amazon Instant Video die komplette dritte Staffel in deutscher Synchronisation.
Die ersten zehn Episoden der 4. Staffel standen ab Januar sind die ersten 5 Staffeln auf Netflix verfügbar.
Dies ist die gesichtete Version , die am Juni markiert wurde. Es gibt 1 ausstehende Änderung , die noch gesichtet werden muss.
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